This morning it came to my attention that notorious child psychologist Kenneth Zucker has co-written a chapter on trans issues for the new (6th) edition of Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. The chapter, entitled “Gender dysphoria and paraphilic sexual disorders” effectively draws upon flawed and outdated research to promote reparative therapy for trans children. You can read most of it via Google Books here.
This is a big deal because Zucker draws upon harmful theories (including Ray Blanchard’s deeply reductive typology of transsexualism) to promote the idea that issues faced by gender variant children are due to a problem with the child, rather than societal gender norms. He therefore promotes a form of treatment that (to quote his new article) encourages parents to “set limits with regard to cross-gender behaviour, and encourage same-sex peer relations and gender-typical activities” in an attempt to cure them of difference. This is the kind of treatment that leads children to internalise the idea that non-normative gendered expression is shameful or wrong.
Rutter’s Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, meanwhile, is a widely-used textbook and can be found in university libraries and on reading lists in many countries.
I’m not sure what the best way is to stop this article from influencing practice. However, some ideas could include:
- Write to professional organisations and ask them to explicitly oppose reparative therapy for trans youth
- Write to University libraries and courses, asking them to consider sticking with the 5th edition of Rutter’s
- Write to University departments and ask them to teach critical texts alongside the 6th edition of Rutter’s, and/or avoid putting the new edition on reading lists
- Borrow the book from a local library if it becomes available, and write critical comments in the margins
- Write to the book’s editors and/or publisher and question why Zucker has been given a platform for his outdated ideas
- Comment on this post and/or join this new Facebook page to discuss possible ways forward.
The new edition isn’t yet widely available in libraries, so now is a good time to act.
If you’re writing letters or raising awareness of this as an issue, here is some useful information on opposing the article:
- Zucker’s approach to treatment can seriously harm children
- Zucker’s Gender Identity Service at the Toronto-based Centre for Addiction and Mental Health was recently suspended pending investigation in the wake of a large number of complaints – his approach to treatment is now also arguably illegal in the province of Ontario
- Zucker’s new article represents poor academic practice. He cites himself 17 times, relies upon papers at least 20 years out-of-date to make many of his arguments, and also draws strong inferences from statistically insignificant quantitative findings
- Zucker’s considerable academic position is based in part upon a small “invisible college” of academics who regularly peer-review and cite one another, thereby gaining many publications with a high profile whilst avoiding external criticism
- There is a considerable evidence-based case to be made against Blanchard’s work. See for instance “The Case Against Autogynephilia“, a peer reviewed article by Julia Serano.
Thanks and respect to Peter Le C for raising awareness of this issue, and to oatc for suggested edits.